This article is the result of our dossier on the impact of robotics on employment: Are robots a mortal danger for the job?
“Having a competitive industry is to have an automated industry with automation rates are equivalent to those of our German neighbors. The German robotics rate is much higher than ours, gold, their unemployment rate, much lower. Better to have a business presence in France competitive and equipped with robots that no business at all. It is important that we preserve the plants on our soil, and even that one recreates. ”
More robot = less unemployment!
This speech echoes the position taken by the IFR (International Federation of Robotics). The most robotic countries, namely South Korea, Japan and Germany have respectively 478, 314 and 292 robots per 10,000 employees. They are also those who have the lowest unemployment rate in the world.
If China is now the largest buyer of industrial robots, South Korea, Japan and Germany are the countries where the density of industrial robots is highest.
To create industrial jobs, companies should primarily be internationally competitive. Even China, which has long relied on its workforce at low cost, has changed his tune and now bet on robotics to remain the world’s factory. The thundering declarations of the owner of Foxconn, which announced in 2014 will replace 1 million workers with 1 million robots are beginning to translate into action. Chinese companies have become the biggest buyers of industrial robots in the world, far ahead of Japanese, American or Korean. In 2015 they acquired 66,000 industrial robots, while a record world production reached 240,000 robots.
At the same time, all European countries bought 50,000 robots, the United States, Canada and Mexico, 34,000 robots. Jean Tournoux, Delegate General Symop, it is futile to try to compete with China, even with robots: “China today buys 20 times more robots than us. Their manufacturers are in a mass production approach. They robotisent their assembly lines of electronic components, smartphone. We, we focus on robotics to increase flexibility, efficiency and ergonomics. “